According to estimates more and more book, for your holidays, a summer trip abroad. The charm of a half exotic always pleasant ambushes this time of year; often, however, taken by the organization’s hectic pre-start, many forget that there are important health precautions to be observed, such as vaccinations planned in some countries or places in the world.
Different countries, vaccine that are
Today, technology allows us, with a lot of speed and immediacy, to notify individually on what are, at least, the information of a general nature concerning vaccinations traveling.
It is possible, by connecting via the Internet to the Ministry of Health, to see for themselves what the vaccinations recommended or required for traveling to any country of the world through a specific information service.
The service allows the user to get detailed information about all the precautions suggested by the WHO (World Health Organization) simply by selecting the destination country.
Nothing alarmist, just information
The service of the Ministry, of course, returns summary information on those who are the biggest risks to which travelers are going. That said, we must not get into the “hypochondriac panic”: the risks exist in every part of the world; the important thing is to start preparations and be aware of what they are getting.
The most frequent risks are often represented by two widespread diseases of tropical and subtropical: malaria and yellow fever. However there are also other risks such as various forms of hepatitis, cholera and tetanus, which potentially are present in our country.
After consultation with the service offered by the Ministry, there will certainly be easy to find your way among the indications that are given. Generally, immunization requirements are vaccines with proven, that minimize the risks of contagion. In the case of malaria, however, there is no vaccine, but only therapeutic actions of prophylaxis, or therapy of short duration that lower, for a limited period of time, the possibility of contagion.
In any case, it is good practice, before setting off, check your history of vaccinations, especially as regards vaccinations against hepatitis A and B, which have a long-lasting coverage.
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The anti-malarial prophylaxis
As mentioned in the case of malaria, there are no vaccines that can sabotage the contagion. Prophylaxis, however, makes use of anti-malarial drugs such as malarone, a drug used for more than 20 years in the fight against malaria.
The malarone essentially inhibits the reproductive process of the Plasmodium falciparum the protozoan parasite responsible for the infection.
The typical prophylaxis by Malarone – which is also used in post-infection therapy – involves taking 24-48 hours before the start of exposure to the risk (then about a day before we left), continues throughout the duration of the trip and also should be continued for about a week after your return.
One just described, of course, is a standard therapeutic path for the exposure to an area of risk classifiable as medium-low. The Ministry of Health, however, is very precise about what kind of prevention to follow based on the level of risk (the ministry noted carefully, using a specific table, what are the types of prevention associated with the reported level of risk).
Caution / Prevention
The vaccinations are certainly an important chapter of “Health on the go”, but not the only and exclusive. It is always a good idea to check on what are the health conditions of the places that host us, if there are important endemic diseases (such as Zika), but also if general health and hygiene conditions are that you face some more attention.
For example, should not be overlooked aspects such as:
– Potability of water
– Presence of sewage adequate
– Coverage of the health care system for tourists (possibly explore the possibility of medical insurance)
– Access to medical procedures or medical treatments
Needless to remember it, but if you habitually taking medication (especially in the case of chronic diseases), make sure you have a sufficient amount with you.
In any case, whatever your medical, remember to consult a doctor before leaving, specifying the destination of your trip.Tags: Vaccines