The first person to take advantage of this new technology has been a man of 60 years. It is the first case and it happened in Turin, at the Hospital of Cardiology department. The technique is not exactly new in the medical field, as it was already in use habitually abroad and is called Topera.
Its special feature is to be able to draw up a very detailed map of the cardiac electrical signals. In particular, the rotors, which support the arrhythmia, are identified accurately, even in the most inaccessible places. In this way, the patient could benefit of the technique, seeing stop the arrhythmia immediately without causing irreparable aggravations.
What are arrhythmias?
The term “arrhythmia” refers to any change from the normal sequence of electrical impulses of the heart. The electrical impulses can occur too fast, too slow or irregularly, causing an irregular heartbeat and abnormal. When the heart does not beat properly, unable to pump blood effectively and the lungs, the brain and other organs cannot function properly, reporting the damage.
The normal heart is a strong muscular pump, a bit ‘bigger than a fist. Pumps blood continuously through the circulatory system.
Every day the heart beats on average (expands and contracts) 100,000 times and pumps about 2,000 gallons of blood through the body.
In a life of 70 years, a human heart beats more than 2.5 billion times on average.
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The heart beat (contraction) begins when an electrical impulse starts from the sinoatrial node and moves through it. The node is sometimes referred to as “natural pacemaker” of the heart, because start pulses to the heart beat.
The normal electrical sequence starts in the right atrium and spreads in all other atria to the atrioventricular node. From here, the electrical impulses traveling along a group of specialized fibers.
The techniques used so far to combat arrhythmia
Currently, to treat the pathology that is one of the most widespread, it was necessary to have recourse to catheter ablation. Technique that did not always lead to the desired results, because most of the time the patients of which had benefited from many years suffering from arrhythmia and, in the meantime, had developed other serious heart diseases.
Over time, the patient then treated with the new technique, he felt even worse, and despite drug therapy and ablation to which it was subjected, his heart pulses presented themselves increasingly weak. Thanks to this intervention, it is seen restore cardiac function of a time, without having to resort to other more invasive surgeries and perhaps less effective.Tags: cardiac arrhythmias