A study by a group of researchers led by Christoph Buettner, the Icahn School of Medicine Mount Sinai, revealed important insights on the ways in which the human body regulates the production of heat.
According to previous studies on the process of heat production and energy expenditure, known as thermogenesis, it is determined almost exclusively by white blood cells (macrophages).
The team, led by Professor Buettner, marginal defines the role of macrophages and focuses attention on the sympathetic nervous system, as the main engine of thermogenesis.
The study focused particularly on catecholamine, a hormone released by the sympathetic system, which performs two important functions …
- Activation of grasso bruno system, a fatty tissue that can burn energy and produce useful heat for the body.
- Conversion of the white adipose tissue, which acts as a grease, in a similar fabric to that of grasso bruno, with a consequent increase of the heat produced deposit.
Thermogenesis: A possible treatment for obesity and diabetes?
In subjects suffering from metabolic diseases is detected a higher concentration of white adipose tissue with consequent difficulty of heat development.
According to the research group of the School of Medicine Mount Sinai, the key to treat diseases such as diabetes and the obesity it must be sought in restoring the control of termogenesis processes and metabolism by activating specific receptors that reside in the sympathetic system.
This hypothesis complements and does not replace the use and effectiveness for patients with metabolic diseases insulin drug – resistant or anti-inflammatory drugs, the consumption of which must be appropriately accompanied by a lifestyle and a proper diet.
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What is thermogenesis?
The thermogenesis is the metabolic process by which the human organism produces heat (thermal energy). The energy is introduced into the body through the intake of food and is measured in calories.
A part of this ingested energy is expelled in the short-medium term through feces and urine, the remainder remains available in the body for metabolism.
We distinguish three types of thermogenesis …
- Thermogenesis induced by exercise: Creation of heat generated by the muscles. The muscles under stress produce more heat than at rest muscles.
- Thermogenesis regulatory or optional: Process that is induced by external stimuli to the body, such as food intake, the surrounding ambient temperature. These elements modify the average body temperature of approximately 37°, generating the thrill condition or not shudder. The thrill promotes muscle contraction and thus the production of heat.
- Thermogenesis induced by diet: The heat energy that is derived by the recruitment and digestion of food. It represents 15% of the daily energy requirement.
The metabolism is therefore the amount of thermogenesis. A balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle is the first step to improve metabolism. It is good to take simple rules to limit the risk of metabolic diseases.
Here are some …
- Periodically check your weight.
- Exert constant physical activity.
- Restrict use of alcohol and smoking.
- Favor uncooked condiments than cooked.
- Favor the consumption of fish and vegetables.
- Favor fiber-based foods.
- Rationalize the consumption of milk and dairy products.
Please follow these tips you too? Let us know what you do to limit the risk of disturbance to the metabolic system!Tags: Diabetes, Obesity