Sometimes annoying itches to the eyelid may last longer than expected, and be a first alarm bell for more important issues.
There is talk of dermatitis of the eyelids, which is a set of dermatological diseases borne by the eyelid. Let’s find out what they are and what causes.
Dermatitis of eyelids
With the term dermatitis of eyelids indicate dermatological diseases localized mainly in the eyelid, but also in the neighboring areas. To understand the kind of disease is essential to consult an ophthalmologist, who will best indicate any therapy performed and what drugs to use for care.
But because the rash affects the eyelids? It’s actually a lot simpler. The eyelids are covered with a thin skin that, like the rest of the body, may be subject to the same inflammations, infections or rashes.
Among the most important diseases of the eyelids is certainly the Blepharitis, an inflammation of the eyelid charged, specifically the edge of the eyelid. The disease is characterized by the formation of small scales and oily residues in the part where there are the eyelashes. Symptoms that may help you identify the Blepharitis is a severe itching , burning and formation of small crusts between eyelashes .
To cure this disease requires action on the scales, removing them, along with debris and dirt that may have localized. Later, you have to use an ointment to zinc oxide together with a steroid antibiotic treatment.
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Other major diseases: sty, chalazion, dacryocystitis
As mentioned, there are several conditions that may affect the eyelids. Here are some of these:
- Stye: It identifies himself as an abscess, and is at the edge of the eyelid. The lawsuit stems from infection of the Zeiss gland, if the stye is external, while if the stye is internal, the affected gland is the meibomian. The stye is treated with hot water compresses or, if necessary, with a small incision in the eyelid edge.
- Chalazion: Technically, this disease is a granulomatous inflammation of a meibomian gland, blocking the excretory duct. This disease is chronic and has an extremely slow process. This is why the symptoms are difficult to detect as they consist of a heaviness of the eyelids which is not always perceived, or a slight itching in the eyes. The chalazion can be external (a small rounded upward) or internal (identified if you turn your eyelid). The only effective treatment against the chalazion is the surgical operation for export, as the antibiotic ointments do not have definitive effects, unfortunately.
- Dacryocystitis is dependent inflammation of the lacrimal sac that causes a strong lacrimation and conjunctival hyperemia. The Dacryocystitis can cause problems such as conjunctivitis or keratitis. Being the very frequent lacrimation, you can form puddles with a spill of purulent fluid. The best solution to solve the problem is, also in this case, the surgery with export of the lacrimal sac. While, in order to restore the proper functioning of the tear away, you have to water the lower punctum with antiseptic solutions.