Sun protection is the main weapon to combat this common skin problem.
The exposure to the sun can leave a mark on the skin in several ways, and one of them is in the form of melasma. The sun’s rays are the main triggers of this common skin problem that causes patches of brown to grayish brown on the face. Most people present on cheeks, bridge of the nose, forehead, chin and upper lip.
Melanin is the substance responsible for protecting us from the sun and is produced by cells called melanocytes. The cause of melasma is unknown, but we know that the melanocytes increase melanin production haphazardly in the aforementioned places.
In addition to sun exposure, which stimulates melanocytes contribute to the development of melasma other factors such as genetic predisposition and hormonal changes typical of pregnancy or derivatives taking contraceptives and hormone replacement drugs. When melasma appears in pregnant women is called chloasma or mask of pregnancy. They are also behind this skin condition the skin care products that irritate the skin. In many cases, the coincidence of several of these factors can cause or aggravate keeps the process.
If you suffer from melasma, experts recommend following these tips to achieve a more even skin tone:
– Use sun daily protector: Even if it is a cloudy day, and after bathing at the beach or pool, or sweating. The best sunscreen is broad spectrum, with a protection factor of at least 50, and zinc oxide and / or titanium dioxide to physically limit the effects of sunlight on the skin.
– Wearing a wide hat outdoors: The sunscreen alone does not confer sufficient protection for the skin against sun rays. Whenever possible, you have to seek shade and use protective clothing and accessories, such as hats and caps, plus sunscreen.
– Choose gentle products for skin care: Not preventing any stinging or burning because, as we have seen, that irritate the skin contribute to the development of melasma.
– Avoid waxing in areas of the body affected by the disease: This method of hair removal could cause inflammation of the skin, which in turn, could favor melasma. The dermatologist can provide the necessary information about hair removal techniques that best suit our skin and features.
– See a specialist: Although melasma not malignant melanoma and represents only a cosmetic problem, visit the dermatologist is important to any appearance of spots on the skin, as well other possibilities are ruled out, and that, if necessary, prescribe any of the therapies used to treat the condition. These include drugs and therapies developed in clinical centers.
The important thing is to start working on the spots as they appear. The sooner you start, the better the results.Tags: aggravated, How to remove, melasma spots, sun