According to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, products that are considered cosmetic do not require approval from the FDA before going on the market. The only exception to this rule applies to colour additives, such as those used in hair dyes.
Any company or individual that markets cosmetics has a legal responsibility to ensure that its products are safe, and the FDA does not have any say in their regulation.
However, there are other ways that the FDA can monitor the safety of cosmetic products as the issue of unsafe cosmetics continues to grow.
The FDA encourages cosmetic manufacturers to register for its Voluntary Cosmetic Registration Program. This program sees firms report their product formulations via the VCRP database. This program is entirely voluntary; companies are under no legal obligation to disclose any data about their products and their safety testing.
Cosmetic Ingredient Review Panel
The CIR is an independent panel of industry experts in both the medical and scientific fields. This panel meets quarterly to assess the cosmetic ingredients that are used in the industry and aims to evaluate the safety of products. The FDA can use the data from these independent channels to keep tabs on the industry and ingredients that are used.
For many manufactures, the question of how long does it take to get a FDA 510k approved is one that affects the type of product that is being created for market. Although a company such as http://www.fdathirdpartyreview.com/ can speed up the process, the manufacturing of a cosmetic product is not reliant on this process and liaising with the FDA might not be preferable. Reports from consumers and health care providers are integral to the FDA for them to be able to pinpoint any potential issues.
One of the easiest ways the FDA can regulate cosmetics is by inspecting the facilities where they are manufactured and ensure they meet the standards of operation required. In an inspection, they are also able to determine if the correct controls and practices are in place and whether the manufacturing process could pose any risk to consumers.
The FDA also conducts its own research into cosmetics. If they deem a product unsafe, they initiate legal action to keep it off the shelves.