Hemorrhoids are vascular structures located in the anal canal of all people who have the task of holding stools.
In some circumstances these small vascular pads inflate and swell, becoming a disease known as hemorrhoidal disease.
Hemorrhoids cause itching, pain, and often even annoyance in sitting or walking by conditioning normal day-to-day activities.
Hemorrhoid disease affects men and women of different ages and is typical of industrialized countries.
In fact, well-being is often characterized by poor eating habits and lifestyles that favor the onset of hemorrhoids.
To fight them it is crucial to recognize them, to know the causes, to rely on a specialist.
Hemorrhoids: Let’s face it without shame
In the case of hemorrhoidal disease, rule number one is not to be ashamed and to be afraid.
It’s useless to turn around: hemorrhoids are a nice problem!
They cause pain, prevent normal activities from happening everyday, resulting in bad mood and discomfort.
It is not a case that many suffer from hemorrhoids, but they do not talk about it.
A real taboo is to go to the doctor and to expose a problem that concerns the parts where the sun never kicks.
People who are often referred to a specialist are more likely to encounter when the disease has chroniced when the time has come.
Not to mention a possible proctological visit to which the thought alone is horrified. Moreover, it is not a simple situation to deal with, but not so disastrous as we believe.
Therefore, the first treatment of hemorrhoidal disease is to drive away any kind of fear and shame and quickly turn to a specialist so as to favor a quick and painless healing.
One of the factors causing hemorrhoids comes from the possible relaxation of the veins caused by the blood pressure that promotes inflammation and swelling and the resulting blood clots.
It is not known exactly what the causes might be, but there are certainly pathological factors such as prolonged constipation, poor diet of fibers, lack of physical activity, obesity, hereditary predisposition, and advancement of age.
Hemorrhoids are a very common disease in men and women between the ages of 50 and 65.
Different and not uncommon is the case of pregnancy hemorrhoids caused by hormonal changes and the pressure exerted by the baby on the abdomen.
The latter generally resolve easily after giving birth without requiring any special intervention.
Hemorrhoids: External hemorrhoids and internal hemorrhoids
Before talking about the symptoms of hemorrhoids you must specify that they can be internal or external.
Internal hemorrhoids are defined as hemorrhoids that lie within the anus and that generally when they are inflamed or swollen, they do not cause pain.
They could spill at the time of defecation causing annoyance, bleeding and burning.
The external hemorrhoids, on the other hand, are visible and positioned at the height of the sphincter. Generally they cause pain, bleeding and make it difficult to carry out daily activities.
Depending on the shape they take, they may have several symptoms such as:
- Irritation and itching : it is the typical example of internal hemorrhoids that secrete mucus causing irritation and an annoying anal itch. By conducting a healthy lifestyle and using specific treatments you can fight the symptoms.
- Rectal bleeding : This symptom is also typical of internal hemorrhoids that after defecation produce live red blood that will be visible on toilet paper.
- Rectal Pain : It is typically typical of external hemorrhoids that cause pain and cleansing and rubbing do not help relieve the symptom but otherwise complicate it.
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When you are suffering from hemorrhoids you must go to a specialist doctor who will visualize the anus by being able to diagnose the type of hemorrhoids and choose the most appropriate treatment.
It is vital not to neglect them because in the case of inappropriate medical treatment, they may result in serious consequences and complications.
Depending on the type and severity of hemorrhoids, different treatments that may be of a pharmacological or natural nature are adopted .
Firstly, it should be noted that advanced stage haemorrhoids generally require surgery, which we will discuss later.
In the case, instead of hemorrhoids that can be kept under control, they will use creams that have an anti-inflammatory or anesthetic action that unlike the former do not act on the cause but help relieve the pain.
In any case, it is crucial to go to a doctor who will indicate the most appropriate therapy.
If pharmacological or natural therapies did not yield results or if hemorrhoids were characterized by a very large inflammation then surgery might be needed.
Proctologist Laura Lolli reports possible interventions in the event of hemorrhoids to be operated.
In general there are three …
It consists in surgical excess removal of tissue that causes prolapse or bleeding. The operation lasts about 40 minutes and can be performed under general or local anesthesia.
It consists of closing the ends of the upper rectal artery. Not removing any tissue is a mini-invasive surgical procedure.
It is a very simple procedure that is performed in the outpatient clinic and consists of introducing into the anus of a proctoscope which will serve to grab hemorrhoids and bind them. This prevents the blood from reaching the sick side, which will with time dry and fall.
Hemorrhoids: Intimate hygiene
Regardless of the severity of hemorrhoids, the anal area hygiene must be accurate and daily.
The intimate detergent should be specific to the anal area, gentle but at the same time acid so as not to alter the pH of the skin and must perform antibacterial action.
There are good intimate detergents on the market that your doctor will know best.
Very well indicated, the use of sodium bicarbonate can perform antibacterial action.
Just prepare a half-cup, to be done once or twice a day, as follows …
- Fill the baking tray with warm or warm water and melt one or two tablespoons of bicarbonate.
- Stay silent with your seat for 5 to 10 minutes.
- After spending the minutes, dry with a clean towel.
The bicarbonate will allow a careful deterrence preventing the affected area from becoming infected.
You can prevent hemorrhoids by adopting a diet rich in fiber such as vegetable and cereal fruits and eliminating coffee, alcohol, spicy foods, seasoned cheeses and crustaceans.
It is also important to drink so much, preferably 2 liters of water per day avoiding episodes of constipation.
Lastly, it is imperative to walk so much, to make stairs often and to practice a sport that does not involve excessive physical effort.
In short, avoid lifting weights!